Untreated gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults.
It starts with inflamed gums that turn into periodontitis or advanced gum disease.
Periodontitis cause the teeth to separate from the gums, forming pockets that become breeding grounds for bacteria.
Periodontal Therapy gets rid of plaque, tartar and bacteria that accumulate under the gum line and around the tooth roots.
Gum therapy can be done using minimally-invasive scaling and root planing.
During scaling and root planing, the dentist uses special tools to clean the gum pockets, root surfaces and tooth roots. If medication is needed to treat bacterial infection, a tray delivery system is sometimes used. These are custom trays made from impressions of your teeth and used to deliver medications to the target area.
If conservative procedures fail to treat gum disease, your dentist usually recommends periodontal surgery. This may involve pocket or flap reduction surgery, soft tissue grafts or gum tissue regeneration. During pocket reduction surgery, the gums are lifted back and tartar is removed. Irregular bone surfaces are also smoothed out to limit places where bacteria can hide. Soft tissue grafts reinforce thin gums or gums that have receded. Soft tissue is usually taken from the roof of the mouth.
Dr. Phillips offers many solutions for gum disease like Periodontal Therapy.